The message from Ann Okerson, R. Kenny Marone and David Stern of the Yale University Library, Library drops BioMed Central’s Open Access membership (3 August 2007) has generated some interest. See, for example, an article by Andrea Gawrylewski, Yale dumps BioMed Central, The Scientist (August 9, 2007), and the comments that are posted at the end of the article. An excerpt from a comment posted by Matthew Cockerill of BioMed Central:
One angle that is unfortunately missing from The Scientist’s article is the perspective of a research funder. As discussed in BioMed Central’s public response to Yale, funders are now playing a key role in helping libraries to cover the costs of open access, at least in a transitional phase while the bulk of libraries budgets remains continues to pay for subscriptions.
For another response, see: Yale Drops It’s Pre-Pay Membership to BioMed Central, posted by Katie Newman (9 August 2007) to Scholarly Communication (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign). Excerpt:
It should be noted that BMC’s Institutional Membership program, whereby universities (usually the library) pre-pay all or most of the author’s article fees is not the only way in which the institution can show it’s support for the BMC flavor of open access. BMC also offers a “Supporting Membership” which is not tied to the number of articles submitted from an institution; it offers a modest (usually 15%) reduction in the article publication charge.
As is pointed out by Katie Newman, for researchers whose institutions are “supporter members” of BioMed Central, a discounted article processing charge is payable by the author. Excerpt from Supporter Members:
Supporter Members pay a flat rate annual Membership fee based on the number of biology, chemistry, physics and medical researchers and graduate students at the institution. Members of the institution are then given a 15% discount on the APC when publishing in our journals.
Very small institution (21-500 faculty and postgraduate students in biology, chemistry and medicine): £1120 [US$1994, €1698].
Very large institution (5001-10000 faculty and postgraduate students in biology, chemistry and medicine): £5596 [US$9967; €8494].
Some statistics about “Number of Faculty” and “Number of Graduate / Postgraduate Students” for various Universities can be obtained via the www.topuniversities.com website. However, the data are totals, not numbers in biology, chemistry and medicine.
A relevant previous post (2 March 2007) was: Scenarios about paying for OA. Excerpts:
One focal point for the debate has been on revenues from academic institutions (a major source of support for knowledge dissemination), relative to revenues from funding agencies (a major source of support for knowledge generation). …
More evidence-based analyses of a variety of scenarios are needed.
What does seem clear is that the perspectives of those involved in subscription-based publishing, in fee-based OA publishing, in library acquisitions and in the provision of support for knowledge generation, will all differ. Whose perspectives will prevail in the longer term? One hypothesis: the points of view that will prevail will be those of the researchers and scholars whose work turns out to have had the greatest impact. (Unfortunately, this isn’t a very useful hypothesis, because it can’t be tested easily or quickly, and because the results seem likely to vary from discipline to discipline, and even across subdisciplines).